NABARD Agriculture and Rural Development Tests for Class A 2022- August 26

Q1. Which of the following plants are kharif plants?
1. Rice
2. Wheat
3. Cotton
4. Corn
5. Gram
Choose the correct answer from the code below.
(a) 1, 3 and 5 only
(b) 1, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 2, 3, 4 and 5 only

Q2. An excellent meat goat breed:
(a) Black Bengal
(b) Beetal
(c) Chegu
(d) Osmanabadi
(e) None of these

Q3. Which of the following fields of agriculture deals with ornamental plants?
(a) Horticulture
(b) horticulture
(c) Forestry
(d) floriculture
(e) Seafaring

Q4. Which of the following states is dominated by black soil?
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Jharkhand
(e) Andhra Pradesh

Q5. Which of the following types of cows is known to produce the most milk?
(a) Haryanvi
(b) Nagauri
(c) Sahival
(d) Hillary
(e) None of the above

Q6. Which of the following agro-climatic factors lead to successful sugar beet production?
(a) Clay or sandy loam soils.
(b) Soil salinity is between 1.0-1.5%.
(c) the average temperature during the growing season is between 19.5°C and 22°C.
(d) all of the above.
(e) None of these.

Q7. Which of the following food grains occupies the largest share of cultivated land in India?
(a) Barley and Maize
(b) millet
(c) Rice
(d) Wheat
(e) None of the above

Q8. The golden yellow color label is given to:
(a) breeder seed
(b) nuclear seed
(c) foundation seed
(d) registered seed
(e) None of these

Q9. What is asepsis?
(a) Cleaning and sorting of fruits and vegetables
(b) blanching of fruits and vegetables
(c) Peeling of fruits and vegetables
(d) Both (a) and (b).
(e) None of these

Q10. Which state is known as apple bowl of India?
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
(b) Himachal Pradesh
(c) Uttarakhand
(d) Uttar Pradesh
(e) None of these

Solutions

S1. Answer (b)
Left. Rice, Cotton and Gram are Kharif crops. The kharif season coincides with the Southwest Monsoon, when mainly tropical crops are cultivated.
Here are some points about it:
• Cropping seasons in India – Northern and interior parts of the country have three distinct cropping seasons namely Kharif, Rabi and Zeid.
• Rabi season begins in October-November with the onset of winter and ends in March-April. Low temperature conditions during this season facilitate cultivation of temperate and subtropical crops like wheat, gram and mustard.
• Zayd is the short-term summer planting season that begins after the harvesting of rabies crops. In this season, cultivation of watermelons, cucumbers, vegetables and fodder plants is carried out on irrigated lands.

S2. Answer (a)
Left. Black Bengal breed of excellent meat goats. Coat color is mainly black, brown/grey and white, soft, shiny and short haired. The average live weight of a bull is 15 kg, and a hen is 12 kg. It is the most productive among Indian breeds. Multiple births often occur – two, three or four children are born at once. The average age of the first prank is 9-10 months. The average lactation yield is 53 kg. Lactation period is 90-120 days. Excellent meat goat breed. Its leather is in great demand for the production of high-quality shoes.

S3. Answer (a)
Left. The horticultural branch of agriculture deals with ornamental plants. Agriculture – the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi, and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life.
There are many branches under these branches of agriculture as written below:
• Agronomy
• Gardening
• Plant Breeding/Genetics
• Soil science
• Agrometeorology
• Agricultural Biotechnology
• Agricultural engineering
• Expansion of agriculture

Q4. Answer (b)
Left. Black soil is mainly found in Maharashtra.
About black soil:
• Black soil is spread over the plateaus of Saurashtra and Malwa.
• Other states with black soil are Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh.
• In Andhra Pradesh, black soil is found in the Krishna river valleys and along the Godavari river.
• Black soil consists of clayey material.
• Black soil is known for its ability to retain moisture.
• Black soil is rich in soil nutrients such as lime, potassium, magnesium, and calcium carbonate.
• Black soil is poor in phosphorus.
• Black soil is also known as Regur soil.

S5. Answer (a)
Left. Haryani cow is known to give the most milk. Haryanvi is an Indian cow breed native to North India, specifically the state of Haryana. They give about 10-15 liters of milk per day, when crossed with Holstein Friesian cattle (HS), this figure is 8.9 liters, while pure HS gives 50 liters of milk per day, but it is not so resistant to diseases. North India.

S6. Answer (d)
Left. Sugar beet grows well in loamy-sandy-clay soils with good organic matter content. It can tolerate slightly alkaline soil with 1.0% to 1.5% salinity. It is a cool-season crop, but it can withstand both frost and high temperatures.
The optimal temperature range is 15-21°C. The Russian Federation ranks first in the world in terms of sugar beet production. In 2019, sugar beet production in the Russian Federation amounted to 54.4 million tons, which is 20.05% of the world sugar beet production.

S7. Answer (c)
Left. Rice occupies the largest part of the cultivated area in India. Rice is the most cultivated crop in India. India is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China. In 2021-2022, the area harvested for rice in India was about 46 million hectares.

S8. Answer (a)
Left. Breeder seed is given a golden yellow label. Breeder seeds have a golden yellow label, foundation seeds have a white label, registered seeds have an opal blue label, and certified seeds have a green label.

S9. Answer (a)
Left. Asepsis is carried out by cleaning and sorting fruits and vegetables. General cleanliness during the collection, sorting, packing and transportation of raw materials improves the storage quality of fruits and vegetables. Washing or wiping of fruits and vegetables before use in production must be strictly observed, because dust particles adhering to raw materials accompany microorganisms. Observe hygienic conditions at all stages during conservation.

Q10. Answer (b)
Left. The state of Himachal Pradesh is known as the apple bowl of India.
• Kotgarh is known as the apple bowl of India and due to the high quality of apple and cherry cultivation, this area is one of the richest regions of Himachal Pradesh.
• Himachal Pradesh covered 1.7% of India with apricots pears, apples, oranges.
• Thus, Himachal Pradesh is also called the fruit bowl of India.

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